All Document Index

Click on any of these headings to explore the content available on this website.
Erosion Control
All Purpose Native Grass Mix
Before El Niño, be prudent and examine your erosion control strategy
Beyond the Silt Fence: aesthetically pleasing, environmentally-friendly way to temporarily control erosion
Bioswales and Bioretention Ponds
Dust Suppression in Difficult Environments: LA County Solar Farm Showcases Successful Mitigation Strategy
Eco-Fibre Mulch
Environ-Fiber Premium Cellulose Fiber Mulch
Environ-Guar Organic Binder
Environ-Mend Organic Binder
Erosion Control: Mahana Estates at Kapalua Resort: Land Development with Nature in Mind
Erosion Control Dry Seed
Erosion Control Strategies for the Arid Southwest
Erosion Control: Beginning with the End in Mind Increases Chances for Success
Homeowners' guide: Seeding for Erosion Control in Burned Landscaping Adjacent to Homes
MycoApply Endo
MycoApply Endonet
Native Bioswale
Seeds from Stover Seed Company are the choice for beautifying the Downtown renaissance
Technical Expertise: Critical for erosion control plantings to succeed
Wildfire Seed Mix #1
Wildfire Seed Mix #2
Wildfire Seed Mix #3
Wildfire Seed Mix #4


Golf Course
AZ-1 Cultural Guide
AZ-1 Kikuyugrass
Black Gold Kikuyu Grass Conversion: Once considered a nuisance, Kikuyu is giving Fullerton, Ca golf course a facelift.
Bowie Buffalograss
Champion GQ
Chewings Fescue
Claremont Golf Course: Tyee Bentgrass A Proven Winner in Greens Conversion Project
Common Hulled
Common Unhulled
Converting Golf Courses to kikuyugrass
Creeping Bent Grass enhances playability of Rancho Bernardo Country Club Golf Course
Creeping Bent Grasses - 007
Creeping Red Fescue
Creeping Red Fescue Project Enhances Sierra Lakes Golf Course
Custom Seed Mixes Add Color and Texture to Out-of-Play Areas
Dominant Plus
From the Fairway to the Rough: Turf Species Conversions Save Water and Enhance Play
Grand Slam
Grand Slam FS
Grand Slam GLR
Grand Slam Saline
Grand Slam Seed Mixture Gives Municipal Sportsfields Professional Appearance
"Kikuyu Best Management Practice"
"Kikuyu Best Management Practice"
"Kikuyu Plus 12-1-4/PW (for potable water)"
"Kikuyu Plus 2-8-8/RW (for reclaimed water)"
Looking Kindly at Kikuyugrass
Manhattan 5GLR
Native Grass Conversion: Issues to be Considered before Converting Rough Areas to Native Grasses
New Faster Spreading Perennial Ryegrass Blend
Overseeding Pepperdine University Women's Soccer Field
Partnering with Nature: North Ranch Country Club Turf Reduction Project conserves water and encourages establishment of native plant species.
Poa Trivialis
Princess 77 Hybrid Bermudagrass seed
Pro Sportsfield Elite Blend Rejuvenates Vanguard College Ball Fields
Sea Spray Seashore Paspalum
Sheep Fescue
Sportsfields at Cal State Long Beach get help
SR 1020
Stoneridge Country Club Sweetens Play with True Putt Creeping Bluegrass
Stover announces new faster spreading perennial ryegrass blend
Stover Hard Fescue
Sunnylands Golf Course Renovation: Use of native grasses enhances elegance of historic venue
The Polo grounds at Will Rogers State Park obtain desired result
Trouble Weathering This Historic Drought? Stover Seed Specialists can see you through the rough patches.
True Putt Seed at Trump National: World Class Turf Creates World Class Greens
Turf Grass at City of Fontana Nature Park Provides Year-round Color
Understanding Mycorrhizae
Versatile and Resilient: Native Grasses of California, Arizona & Nevada Enhance Naturalized Golf Course Zones
Whittet Kikuyugrass
Wildflower Planting for Golf Courses
Wildflower Seeding in the Desert: Learn What Issues to Consider to Achieve Success
Wildflowers of the Desert Southwest: It's Not Too Late to Improve Golf Course Aesthetics
Zoysia Japonica Varieties Zenith and Compadre


All Purpose Native Grass Mix
Anthem II
AZ-1 Kikuyugrass
Aztec II
Bermuda Dunes Blend
Bermuda Dunes
Bermuda Grass
Bonsai 2000 Turfgrass Hydroseed
Bonsai 2000 Dwarf Tall Fescue
Bowie Buffalograss
California Horse Trail
California Native Mix
Centipede (PDF)
Champion GQ
Chewings Fescue
Cole Crops for Cooler Seasons
Common Hulled
Common Unhulled Turfgrass Hydroseed Burmudagrass
Common Unhulled Burmudagrass
Creeping Red Fescue Turfgrass Hydroseed
Creeping Red Fescue Fine Fescue
Del Sol
Drought Resistant Turfgrasses
Dryland Erosion
Dryland Erosion
Dryland Pasture
Dryland Pasture
Fine Fescues
Good year-round turf color in hot and cool temperatures from Pro Sportsfield Elite
Grand Slam
Grand Slam - GLR Improves Sportsfields at Cal State Long Beach
Grand Slam blend enhances Dodgers post-season turf (update)
Grand Slam FS
Grand Slam 'FS' at City of Anaheim Ball Field
Grand Slam GLR
Grand Slam Perennial Ryegrass Blend
Grand Slam Saline
Grand Slam 'Saline' Perennial Ryegrass Blend
Hillside Erosion Control
Hillside Erosion Control
How to manage your turf and reduce water requirements during drought
Hybrid Bluegrasses
Inexpensive but durable turf performance from Princess77
Kentucky Bluegrasses
Kikuyu Best Management Practice
Kikuyu Grass
Kikuyu Plus 12-1-4/PW (for potable water)
Kikuyu Plus 2-8-8/RW (for reclaimed water)
Landscape Blend
Lawn & Turf
Lawn Care for Established Lawns
Lawn Care for New Lawns
Los Angeles' Balboa Park soccer complex responds to year-round heavy use
Manhattan 5GLR
Manhattan 5GLR Perennial Rye grass: Fast-establishing & drought-resistant.
Medallion Dwarf
Medallion w/Bonsai
Millenia Advanced Tall Fescue Blend
Mixtures & Blends
Native Bioswale
New Millenia
New Millenia
Objective: a year-round sustainable field that can tolerate high salt levels
Pacific Meadow Mixture
Pacific Meadow Mixture
Parks & Cemeteries
Pastures, Meadows & Hillsides
Perennial Ryegrasses
Pierce College
Pierce College
Prepare the Site and Plant Turf
Princess 77 Hybrid Bermudagrass seed
Pro Sportsfield
Pro Sportsfield
Pro Sportsfield Elite
Pro Sportsfield 'Elite'
Pro Sportsfield Extreme™ High Performance Turfgrass Mixture
Pro Sportsfield Saline
Pro Sportsfield 'Saline'
Pro Sportsfield Supreme
Pro Sportsfield 'Supreme'
Pro Sportsfield Ultra
Pro Sportsfield 'Ultra'
Quality vs. Quantity - how to decipher a seed label
Repairing Pet-damaged lawns
Resilient AZ-1 Kikuyu turfgrass
Royal Blue
Save resources with enhanced Pro Sportsfield Nitro
Seashore Paspalum
Seeding and Maintenance of Buffalograss (PDF)
Shady Lawn
Shady Lawn
Sheep Fescue
Sheep Fescue
Simi Valley Dog Park
Soil Stabilization & Rangeland Seeding
Sportsfields Elite at Occidential College
SR 1020
Stover Hard Fescue
Stover Pasture
Stover Pasture
Stover Professional Turfgrass
Sultan Improved Bermudagrass
Sultan Improved Bermudagrass Blend for Sportsfields
Tall Fescues
Texoca Buffalo Grass
Transcontinental Improved Bermuda Turfgrass Hydroseed
Triple Crown
Triple Crown and the City of Fontana
Triple Crown Dwarf
Triple Crown Extreme
Triple Crown Tall Fescue Blend
Turfgrass Facts
Turfgrass Managers interested in water conservation should strongly consider using turfgrass varieties qualified by TWCA
TWCA announces new irrigation plant factors for both cool and warm season grasses.
UC Management of Irrigated Horse Pastures
UC Management of Small Pastures
USC maximizes turf quality for multi-use sportsfield
Weed Management in Lawns
What is an endophyte, and how can it benefit your turf?
What to expect in a low rain-fall year relative to seed germination
Whittet Improved Kikuyugrass Hydroseed
Whittet Kikuyugrass Improved Kikuyugrass
"Whittet" Kikuyugrass quickly revitalizes Simi sportsfield prior to AYSO soccer championship.
Winter overseeding of turfgrass
Zoysia - How to Seed a New Zoysia Lawn (PDF)
Zoysia Japonica Varieties Zenith and Compadre


Vegetables & Herbs
Arugula, Salad Green
Arugula, Salad Green
Asian Vegetables - Radish, Giant, Minowase Daikon
Basil, Sweet Italian
Basil, Sweet Italian
Beet, Ruby Queen
Beet, Ruby Queen
Bok Choy, White Stem Pechay
Bok Choy, White Stem Pechay
Cabbage, Chinese, Michihli
Cantalope, Top Mark
"Cantaloupe: Safe Methods to Store, Preserve, and Enjoy"
Carrot, Little Finger
Carrot, Little Finger
Carrot, Scarlet Nantes
Carrot, Scarlet Nantes
Cilantro, Coriander
Cilantro, Coriander
Cole Crops for Cooler Season
Compost in a Hurry
Corn, Bi-Licious
Corn, Bi-Licious Hybrid
Corn, Golden Beauty Hybrid
Corn, Golden Beauty Hybrid
Corn, Sweet Argent White
Corn, Sweet, Argent White Hybrid
Cucumber, Straight 8
Cucumber, Straight B
"Gardening Tips Steps to Planning and Preparing Your Vegetable Garden"
"Gardening Tips Steps to Planning and Preparing Your Vegetable Garden - punto aqui para espanol"
Get maximum Enjoyment from your lawn and garden
Growing Tomatoes in the Home Garden
Less Toxic Control of Ants
Less Toxic Control of Aphids
Less Toxic Control of Garden Pests
Less Toxic Control of Snails and Slugs
Less Toxic Control of Weeds
Less Toxic Control of Yellowjackets
Lettuce, Buttercrunch
Lettuce, Buttercrunch
Lettuce, Salad Bowl Mixed
Lettuce, Salad Bowl Mixed
Okra, Burgundy
Onion, Bunching Tokyo Long
Onion, Bunching White Lisbon
Onion, Bunching, Tokyo Long White
Onion, Bunching, White Libson Erect
Parsley, Giant Italian
Pea, Oregon Sugar Pod II
Pea, Oregon Sugar Pod II
Pea, Sugar, Mammoth Melting
Pepper, CA Wonder
Pepper, California Wonder
Pepper, Jalapeno
Pepper, Jalapeno
Pumpkin, Connecticut Field
Pumpkin, Connecticut Field
Radish, Early Scarlet Globe
Radish, Early Scarlet Globe
Radish, Giant, Minowase Daikon
Radish, National
Safe Disposal of Pesticides
"Safe Methods of Canning Vegetables"
Safe Methods to Store, Preserve, and Enjoy
Snap Bean, Greencrop
Snap Bean, Greencrop
Snap Bean, Roma II
Snap Bean, Roma II
Snap Bean, Romano
Snap Bean, Romano
Spinach, Bloomsdale
Spinach, Bloomsdale
Squash, Early Prolific Straightneck
Squash, Early Prolific Straightneck
Squash, Scallop Early White
Squash, Scallop, Early White
Squash, Zucchini
Squash, Zucchini
Squash, Zucchini Grey
Squash, Zucchini, Grey
Stover Seed's Planting Guide for Vegetables and Herbs
Tomato, Ace 55
Tomato, Ace 55 VF
Vegetable gardens and native wildflowers: simple ways to enhance your winter gardens
Vegetables Garden Basics
Watermelon, Cal Sweet
Watermelon, Cal Sweet


Choosing Drought Tolerant Turfgrasses For California
Drought Watering Tips
Lawn Watering Guide
Manhattan 5GLR
Reducing Turfgrass Water Consumption During Drought
Reducing Water Use in Your Edible Garden
Turfgrass Managers interested in water conservation should strongly consider using turfgrass varieties qualified by TWCA
TWCA announces new irrigation plant factors for both cool and warm season grasses.
WATER CONSERVATION: How to Save Water and Have a Green Lawn
Water Conservation in Your Garden


Wildflower Seeds
7 Steps to Succeed with Wildflowers
African Daisy
Alyssum, Carpet of Snow
Alyssum, Royal Carpet
Arizona Wildflower
Arroyo Lupine
Baby Blue Eyes
Black Eyed Susan
Blue Flax
Brief history of California's state flower
Bulb Blanket
California Native
California Poppy
City of Fontana wildflower plantings spruce up municipal medians
Clover, O'Conner's
Coastal Mix
Colorful and long-blooming sweet pea multiflora
Desert Marigold
Dwarf Toadflax
Enjoying Mother Nature's color show
Farewell To Spring
Gazania (dwarf)
Gazania (tall)
Globe Candytuft
Golden Lupine
Great Central Valley
Great Central Valley
High Sierra
High Sierra
Hummingbirds & Butterflies
Hummingbirds & Butterflies
Indian Blanket
Lance-Leaved Coreopsis
Lo Gro
Lo Grow Mix
Low Profile
Mission Red Monkeyflower
Mojave Desert
Mojave Desert
Moss Verbena
Mountain Mix
Ox Eye Daisy
Painted Daisy
Partial Shade
Partial Shade
Scarlet Flax
Shasta Daisy
Shirley Poppy
Showy Evening Primrose
Southwest Desert
Southwestern Desert
Spring Fever
Spring Fever
Sweet Pea, Bijou (bush)
Sweet Pea, Multiflora (trailing)
Sweet William
Tidy Tips
Trailing Saltbush
White Yarrow
Wildfire Seed Mix #3*
Wildfire Seed Mix #4
Wildflower Seeds


Environmental Advantages of Golf Course Turf
Golf course grass isn't just aesthetically attractive. Thanks to its dense root system, well-maintained turfgrass provides a variety of benefits to wildlife and the environment. Some of these benefits include pollution control, soil building, and temperature moderation. This lush covering is also an excellent way to conserve water and support the surrounding ecosystem.
Thankfully, turfgrass isn't just for golf courses. Homeowners and business owners can also benefit from incorporating this grass into their landscapes.
Erosion Control
Mowed turfgrass is crucial when it comes to effective erosion control. This dense ground cover has a high shoot density that ranges from 30 million to more than eight billion shoots per acre. Regular mowing boosts this density, especially when compared to grassland that hasn't been grazed.
In addition, golf course turf has an extraordinary root mass that makes it effective in soil surface stabilization. It's more effective than shrubs and trees, which are often planted along bodies of water in an effort to control erosion. However, these plants offer sparse surface cover, and their root systems are not as effective at erosion control.
Water Conservation & Pollution Control
Turfgrasses have a superior capability of trapping and holding runoff water. By reducing runoff volume, this makes turfgrass extremely beneficial for water conservation efforts and decreasing stormwater management requirements that pervade urban areas.
Planting golf course grass seed also helps keep local waterways clean and free of contaminants in urban areas. Runoff water in these regions often contains a high concentration of harmful pollutants, including metals, chemicals, fuel, pesticides and similar. Turfgrass catches, filters, and degrades these polluted waters before they make their way into the public water supply.
Temperature Moderation
Did you know that urban areas can be anywhere from nine to 12 degrees warmer than nearby rural areas? Known as the urban heat island effect, this can be attributed to the high amount of asphalt, concrete, and tall buildings that trap heat in cities and prevent it from escaping.
The use of golf course grass types helps dissipate these high radiant energy levels through a cooling process called transpiration. During transpiration, moisture is absorbed by plant roots and flows through the stems and into the leaves. This water then evaporates into the atmosphere, cooling down the surrounding air.
Keeping surroundings cool also helps reduce the work that air conditioners need to do to keep urban homes and buildings at a comfortable temperature. This helps to conserve energy and minimize the exploitation of natural resources like natural gas, oil, coal, and water.
If you want your lawn to do double-duty, consider ordering a bag of golf course grass seed from a well-known seeds company. In an age where homeowners, golf courses and businesses continue to become more eco-conscious, it's smart to consider golf course grass types when mapping out your landscape.

Zoysia Grass: The Perfect Choice for Landscaping
When comparing different types of grass for landscaping, Zoysia stands out. Although Zoysia grass offers a number of benefits, it is important to consider every aspect to ensure that you end up with the type of grass that is right for your situation.
Key Benefits
  • Naturally Beautiful - In addition to its gorgeous green color, Zoysia is also lush, almost like a carpet, which keeps it in high demand for commercial applications, especially the sporting arena industry.
  • Hot Weather Tolerant - As a warm-weather grass, Zoysia grows remarkably well in the country's hotter regions.
  • Withstands High Foot Traffic - Being extremely durable and having a thick mat, Zoysia stands up well to foot traffic. Again, this is one reason why this type of grass is used in football, soccer, and baseball sporting arenas.
  • Weed Control - Unlike other grass species, the density of Zoysia naturally chokes out unwanted weeds. From a maintenance perspective, this alleviates long hours of hard work.
  • Hardy Choice - Zoysia grows well in zones 5 thorough 10. While it does do best in full sunlight, it tolerates a moderate amount of shade.
  • Minimal Maintenance - Compared to other grasses, Zoysia requires less water and fertilizer. In fact, the best grass seed only needs a small amount of nitrogen, typically 1 pound per every 1,000 square feet of seeds. To retain the vibrant green color longer as the weather cools, fertilize in the fall.
Planting Zoysia Seed in an Existing Landscape
If your existing turf has bare spots or areas where the grass is not growing at all, you can plant Zoysia. For the best results, seed heavily in the spring and work as much seed as possible into the soil. In addition, when the outside temperature turns warm, water the lawn 15 to 20 days in a row. You will also need to mow the newly planted areas and prevent any shade that you can to help with germination.
To view all of our products, please visit the Stover Seed Company website. If preferred, you can contact us by phone to speak with a company seed expert. We will gladly answer your questions and provide guidance as to the appropriate product based on your region.

Grass Seed vs. Sod: Which One Is Better?
When it comes to grass seed versus sod, some people get confused. Throwing wholesale artificial turf into the mix only makes things more confusing. While seeds, sod, and artificial turf have advantages, they are used in different ways and for different purposes.
Information to Consider
  • Planting Process - Because of the planting process, seeds are commonly used for smaller areas. In comparison, natural and wholesale artificial turf are rolled out like a rug, making them a more efficient choice for larger surfaces. This is one reason why sod is used on football fields, soccer fields, and other surfaces used for sports. Price - The cost of planting seeds versus sodding is another difference. When facing budget constraints, seeds are usually preferred since seed mix is the more cost-effective solution.
  • Time Restrictions - Time also differentiates seed from sod. Because sod consists of strips of grass that are rolled out, the results are instant. In addition, sod roots establish much faster than seeds. Therefore, if your customer is on a tight schedule, needs a solution for erosion control, or wants a sloping area covered, sod is the optimal choice.
  • Variety - There are far more varieties and types of seeds than there are with sod. That means that you can select the exact type of grass that is known to grow best in your customer's geographic area.
  • Root System - Sod develops a stronger root system from the beginning. For that reason, it will likely remain strong and healthy long term. With seeds, the root system takes longer to establish. Therefore, reseeding may be required for certain areas.
  • Artificial Turf - Artificial turf is the third option to consider. Although this looks a lot like real grass, it is actually made of synthetic fibers. Since artificial turf requires less care and maintenance, it is often used in sporting arenas.
When searching for sod or seeds for sale, it is essential to rely on a trusted source. Regardless if you are looking for quality grass seed to start sod for your customers or actual seeds to plant, we can help. Stover Seed Company has proudly served customers for the past 90-plus years. Please contact us to get assistance for your upcoming project.

Environmental Factors That Could Affect Your Blue Grass Lawn
Blue grass (Kentucky bluegrass seed) is a popular choice for landscaping. Not only is it lush and beautiful, it is easy to grow, and it can withstand cold temperature.
Bluegrass Region Landforms
Poa, the Greek word for "fodder," is a genus consisting of roughly 500 grass species. In Asia and Europe, this includes meadow grass; in New Zealand, tussock; and in North America, bluegrass.
The primary bluegrass region landforms in central Kentucky have calcium- and mineral-rich soil.
  • Cumberland Plateau - Known also as the Appalachians, this landform dominates the eastern third of the state with mountains and hills that are heavily forested. Northwestern Kentucky - Bordered by the Ohio River and with the large deposits of coal, this hilly part of the state is often referred to as the Western Coal Field.
  • Bluegrass Region - This north-central area has beautiful meadows and rolling hills covered with bluegrass.
  • Mammoth Cave - This centrally located landform has the longest cave system in the world at 365 miles.
  • Southwestern - In this corner of the state are lowlands of the Mississippi River floodplain.
  • "Land Between the Lakes" - Classified as a recreational area, this landform is bordered by Kentucky Lake and Lake Barkley, with approximately 170,000 acres of forested area.
In Poa lower classifications, bluegrass gets its name from the seed heads. In the spring and summer months under natural light and when not maintained, this grass can grow up to 3 feet tall. Due to the seeding Poa pratensis, uncut grass during the summer has an undeniable blue hue, thus the name.
When to Plant Kentucky Bluegrass Seed
To achieve the greatest success with bluegrass seed, planting should take place between Sept. 15 and Nov. 1 when soil temperatures range from 50 to 65 degrees. Planting at this time also gives the seedlings a good start for the onset of winter.
Environmental Factors
For success with this type of grass, there are some environmental factors to consider.
  • Tolerances - Of the more than 100 cultivars of bluegrass, each has its own set of tolerances specific to shade, disease, and climate.
  • Planting - To shorten the development time, 2 to 3 pounds of seed per every 1,000 square feet should be planted.
  • New Seedlings - For new seedlings, frequent watering and plenty of sunlight for the first two weeks are essential.
  • Watering - Kentucky bluegrass seed requires a great deal of water, especially during the summer, when 2 inches of water every two weeks is recommended.
  • Weeds - Clover, crabgrass, and dandelions are a big risk but controlled with a pre-emerge herbicide.
  • Insects - To protect bluegrass from sod webworms, white grubs, and billbugs, careful monitoring and the timely application of an insecticide are critical.
Stover Seed is a reputable and trusted source for high-quality seeds. Please visit our website to see all of the products available, or call us to speak with a company representative.

Grass Types: A Golf Course Guide
Few things are more beautiful than the well-maintained grass on a golf course. Achieving a lush green golf course requires more than just planting grass of any type. Although most golf course groundskeepers plant Zoysia grass, success is achievable with other grass types. It comes down to choosing the best field grasses, using the proper seeding equipment, and following the recommended watering and fertilizing schedules.
It is important to know the best time to plant grass seeds. When planted at the right time, the seeds will take easier. For any golf course, grass identification is critical. Following are the best field grasses for this application and brief information as to when to plant the grass for the best outcome.
  • Zoysia Grass - Zoysia works well in a broad range of climates, excluding cold and warm western locations. Because this grass is deep-rooted, it can handle the demands of a golf course. Zoysia also retains its lush green color, thereby enhancing the aesthetics. As for when to plant, the months of May and June are best. However, the soil must be prepared properly before placing the seeds.
  • Bermuda - Bermuda grass is a perfect choice for warm-weather locations. In addition to withstanding hot temperatures, this type of grass heals quickly from damage, it is drought resistant, and it can be mowed low. The best time to seed is in late spring to early summer when temperatures typically hover between 65 and 70 degrees.
  • Bentgrass - Bentgrass is another grass commonly found on golf courses. This type of grass grows and thrives best in the upper South, as well as the Midwest, and Northern and Western regions. Regardless of the variety, for the best coverage, planting should occur in the spring or fall and, in some cases, both.
  • Perennial Ryegrass - This grass is perfect for any region with cool summers. Often used on fairways and tee boxes, because perennial ryegrass's texture is fine, it is important to seed heavily. For optimal results, the seeds will do best when the temperature of the soil is between 50 and 65 degrees.
Stover Seed (stoverseed.com) has nearly 100 years of experience dealing with all types of grasses, as well as flowers, pasture and rangeland seeds, erosion control seeds, and more. To learn about our company and our products, we invite you to visit our website, or you can call a company representative today.

Weathering a drought: Los Angeles State Historic Park Opens Using Sustainable Techniques
While some people never thought the newly opened Los Angeles State Historic Park would come to fruition, it has. In 2001, the city purchased the land, which at that time was an abandoned rail yard. It sat empty until three years ago when renovation began. Now more than $20 million later, this Los Angeles Park is more than what anyone expected.
Fondly referred to as a "cornfield," due to the random stalks of corn that sprouted, having fallen from a train car, the entire complex has been reimagined. Although there is still some work to do, the park is now fully accessible while offering magnificent views of downtown LA.
This park stretches across 34 acres and includes an event area, visitor's center, raised pedestrian bridge, permanent restrooms, and paved parking. There is also plenty of open space, along with new wetlands and a meadow area. Sometime later this month, a restaurant constructed from shipping containers will open, as well, complete with a beer garden set against the Los Angeles skyline.
Although shade is limited while waiting for the planted trees to grow, including citrus, the span of lush green grass is evident throughout the park. Because Los Angeles State Historic Park was developed during California's drought season, designers, builders, and grass experts agreed to use sustainable materials, including permeable pavement and hearty Bermuda grass. One company stands out for its superior sustainable grass seed and sod, including Bermuda. That is why the grass experts at Stover Seed were integral in the successful opening of The Los Angeles State Historic Park.
Complementing the Bermuda grass are areas of deer grass, sage, sunflowers, Indian bush poppy, and various wildflowers. While the officials considered different grass species, Bermuda was the most obvious choice. Not only does this grass species stand up incredibly well to heavy foot traffic, but as a turf grass, it is also beautiful.
Although rain has finally come to the Los Angeles area, if this part of California experiences a low amount of rainfall or another drought, the Bermuda Grass in the Park will continue to thrive. With roots that grow up to 24 inches, this type of grass does not require the same level of watering as other grasses do.
As part of the downtown Los Angeles revitalization project, experts are also reimagining old warehouses and buildings with anticipation of transforming them into chic lofts and apartments. With that change, there is a good chance that Bermuda grass will once again be the preferred choice for creating more green space.

Changing the Playing Field (and Golf Course) with Exceptional Aeration Practices
Designing an even, and immaculate playing field can be a difficult task. Not only do you need to find the right turf grass seed to withstand significant football, but you'll also need time to frequently aerate the field, enabling nutrients and oxygen to enter the soil, and support strong growth.
Aeration, even with the best golf course grass seed, is a labor-intensive task. However, if you want to make sure that you cultivate a strong, even field, you should be aerating your turf at least twice a year. Here's how you can make sure you get the best results.
Step 1: Choose the Right Tools
Selecting the right tools for best aeration practices means not only choosing the best high-tech machinery on the market, but also seeding your course with the correct turf grass in the first place. For instance, researching golf course grass types could help you to find the seed company best suited to your requirements.
Step 2: Avoid Summer Months
Regardless of the golf course grass seed you choose, which can include bluegrass, kikuyu grass, Bermuda grass among others, (depending upon climate region and application) it's crucial to avoid aerating during the summer months, when moisture is scarce, and temperatures are high. Summer drought conditions can damage even the sturdiest turf grass seeds, overwatering can end up tearing the turf rather than removing the core. Therefore, Spring is often the best time for aeration.
Step 3: Think Long-Term
Finally, remember that there's no way to aerate your grass without affecting the smoothness of your playing field to some degree. Though bumps in your golf course might leave you grinding your teeth, you'll struggle far more if you don't follow best practices when you aerate. Remember, golfers can still make plenty of putts after an aeration treatment. Additionally, it's worth fertilizing your golf course grass seed before you get started, to heal holes faster.
Though aeration will never be a pleasant process, proper planning and the right turf grass seeds should help you achieve the best possible results.

Bentgrass: A Treat for Your Turf
Throughout the U.S., golf course superintendents are constantly searching for quality grass seed suppliers of Bentgrass seed to help them create the most durable, and supportive turf environment. As the premier golf course grass type, Bentgrass seed is considered ideal to play on providing the smoothest and most durable putting surface for all-year play.
According to players and golf course experts alike, Bentgrass offers far more playable days on the course than even Bermuda grass seed. This is because Bentgrass requires less sun than other types of golf course grass seed, and the course doesn't need to be shut down for topdressing and cutting during peak play times.
A Strong and Reliable Golf Course Grass Seed
As turf grass seed goes, Bentgrass is frequently referred to as the ideal surface for course greens. It's capable of withstanding a range of harsh temperatures, and short mowing heights. What's more, this unique type of golf course grass seed creates a thick mat of carpet-like grass, which makes putting a breeze.
Though maintaining Bentgrass can be somewhat complex at times, it's still regarded as the best alternative to Bermuda grass seed thanks to its performance and beautiful color. Additionally, many golf courses find that Bentgrass requires fewer pesticides and fertilizer, which supports their bottom line and benefits the environment.
Designing the Perfect Golf Course
Ultimately, if your focus is on increasing the playable days on your golf course, then it may be a good time to seek out wholesale grass seed suppliers who can offer both Bermuda and Bentgrass seed. Though each course will have its own specific factors determining which turf grass seeds should be used, Bentgrass is quickly emerging as one of the most popular turf grass seed solutions for golf courses - even in the hottest states.
According to surveys, many golf course superintendents believe that Bentgrass can provide the smoothest, most durable playing surface for golfers.

Choosing Low-Maintenance Turf Grass Seeds for Your Golf Course Rough
Choosing the right golf course grass types can be a complicated process. You need to select not only the best seeds for the putting range, salt tolerant grass seed for areas close to sea water, and after searching out the best seeds company, the ideal turf for the course rough.
The ideal rough needs to penalize poor shots, without destroying the speed of play. That means that you need turf grass seeds that grow thick and high enough to challenge a golfer, without making play impossible. At the same time, you'll need to consider the maintenance requirements that must be managed by the golf course superintendent. There are many golf course grass seed solutions designed for rough applications, but here, we'll look at just three options for the best grass seeds and grass types.
Kentucky Bluegrass
Kentucky bluegrass is one of the most popular turf grass seeds for environments where a flexible climate allows for varying degrees of penalty. However, Kentucky bluegrass is not the most salt tolerant grass seed, and it thrives in a cool, humid environment, with plenty of fertile soil. Kentucky bluegrass also requires higher maintenance than many other species.
Bermuda Grass
Another solution for golf course grass seed is the Bermuda grass seed. Bermuda grass provides a good rough that can function well, but doesn't offer the level of color contrast provided by other types of turf. However, Bermuda grass seed performs exceptionally well over other species when it's left dormant. Bermuda grass has higher nitrogen needs than other turfs.
Buffalo Grass
Finally, buffalo grass is the solution for those in search of turf grass seeds that can perform well in semi-arid and arid areas around the world. Buffalo grass comes from the great plains, and it's an ideal golf course grass seed for those who struggle with water shortages and drought, as it requires fewer pesticides, fertilizer, and water.

Managing Golf Course Grass Seed: From Science to Art
As advances in golf course grass seed development continue, the best turfgrass seed suppliers are discovering fantastic new ways to improve the turf experience for golfers who want to make the most out of their game. The delivery of new types of turf grass seeds intended to offer precision environments for casual to expert players, means that it's possible to provide the ideal firmness, salinity, and topography for golf courses.
Today, top-level seed companies are learning everything they need to know about salt-tolerant grass seed, and unique turf solutions, to supply golf course superintendents with the best turf grass seed for their needs.
New Tools Emerge for Golfing Greens
In the past, the Stimpmeter was the only tool golf course superintendents could use to measure the quality of putting greens. While the Stimpmeter was useful, maintaining the best golf course grass seed means ensuring the firmness of putting greens, and the right consistency for uninterrupted games.
Previously, examining firmness was a highly subjective process based on watching the way golf shots reacted. Today, we have the USGA TruFirm to help measure firmness objectively, and achieve better consistency in playing conditions. Combined with soil moisture meters, we can see how tools like the TruFirm are helping to enhance golf conditions and experiences in all golf course grass types.
The Science of Turf Grass Seeds
The science of managing various golf course grass types has continued to evolve over the years. However, maintenance, and challenges like choosing the best grass types remain a primary concern for superintendents.
Perhaps the best solution may be for superintendents to combine the new science of golf course maintenance technology, with the art of empirically exploring the traditional golf course. Taking the time to try out new turf grass seeds, play a few holes, or explore the course also helps create the best environment for golfers.
Though it is essential to keep up with the science of golf course grass seed, it's important for superintendents to maintain the art of golf course management as well.

What Steps Need to be Taken to Plant Grass Seeds Correctly for Maximum Yield?
Looking to ensure the most yield for the money when planting grass seed? There are several important steps to consider, and, although planting grass is not rocket science, if you skip just one step, you may not get the desired results.
Test the Soil
Before you start researching the best grass seed, you must test the soil; the condition of the soil will point you in the right direction for buying seeds. With an inexpensive soil test kit, you need to take several samples from different areas. The pH level of the soil is the most important factor; for example, when purchasing turf grass, the soil should be slightly acidic with a pH level between 6 and 7.5.
Aesthetics and Wear and Tear
Grass is broken down into two categories: warm season and cool season. The main difference is that warm season grass is grown in warmer parts of the country, reaching its peak growth in the summer. Afterwards, green grass turns brown and sheds. Cool season grass turns green and stays green later than grasses in the warm season category. You also need to consider how the grass will be used. Obviously, grass for an athletic field would experience more wear and tear than a standard residential lawn.
Helpful Planting Tips
For the most part, planting grass seed is much the same regardless of variety, although there are some slight differences. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to the directions when planting grass.
  • The soil must be tilled and have the correct pH level. It also needs to be void of clay, weeds, and rocks.
  • For the best germination, the seeds must be completely enveloped by the soil and planted at the correct depth based on variety. Typically, this is between 1/8 and 1/4 of an inch beneath the soil.
  • The soil must have good moisture without being overwatered. Usually, this entails watering before planting the grass and again after, but also watering up to three times a day for the first 20 to 30 days.
  • To achieve maximum yield when planting grass seed, it is imperative that you choose the right variety according to your planting zone, which is based primarily on temperature.
If you'd like some assistance choosing the right types of seeds or additional information about planting grass seed, we would love to help. At Stover Seed, we take great pride in offering our customers excellent products and customer service. Please call us or visit our website today.

How to Start Growing Zoysia for Your Runner Field
For any type of athletic field, including a runner field, it's important to choose the right type of grass. At the top of the list a Zoysia, which is not only a beautiful green color but also wear-resistant and dense. Once Zoysia grass seed, also referred to as soya grass seed, takes hold, it provides excellent footing and cushioning.
Helpful Growing Tips
Ground preparation is of the upmost importance when planting grass like Zoysia. That means the soil should have the right pH level and be void of rocks, weeds, and other debris. There are several other items you should consider to maximize your Zoysia grass' success:
  • Quality Seeds -You always want to look for quality Zoysia grass for sale, which means turning to a trusted source.
  • Soil Depth -For Zoysia grass seed to grow, the seeds should be planted no more than 1/8 to 1/4 of an inch below the surface; this allows sunlight to reach the seeds, which is required for proper germination.
  • Proper Seeding -The correct seeding rate is also important for Zoysia grass seed. Experts recommend two pounds for every 1,000 square feet of space. By seeding slower, you will see better results since Zoysia is a slow-starting type of grass. However, for coated seeds, the seed rate should increase to three pounds for every 1,000 square feet.
  • Soil Temperature -To speed up germination of Zoysia, plant seeds when the soil temperature is 70 degrees Fahrenheit and above.
  • Watering -You need to follow a set schedule when working with a type of grass seed like Zoysia. Always water the soil before and after planting the seeds. In addition, you want to keep the soil moist for the first 30 days, but without overwatering; to accomplish that, water two to three times each day. As soon as you begin to see Zoysia grass sprout, reduce the amount of watering so that just one inch of soil is moist. Just like soil preparation, watering is one of the most critical factors in growing Zoysia for a runner field, or anywhere.
  • Weed Control and Feed Fertilizer -For the first 60 days before and after planting Zoysia/ soya grass seeds, avoid using any type of pre-emergence weed killer or feed fertilizer. Once your new runner field grass grows, do not use a weed control chemical unless it is specifically labeled for this type of grass. Also, wait until the grass has been mowed roughly six times before using weed or feed fertilizer.
There is no question that Zoysia grass seed is the ideal choice for a runner field. Because this grass is so hardy, it will easily withstand daily use and abuse. With proper care and maintenance, you should not experience any problems with Zoysia grass; however, if you notice any bare spots, plugging works great.
At Stover Seed, we are happy to answer any questions that you might have pertaining to Zoysia grass seed. We also offer competitive Zoysia sod pricing if you are interested in going that route. Please contact us today so that we can help you achieve a green, lus

5 Reasons You Should Refer to a Seeds Catalog Before Sowing
Seed catalogs are more than just books filled with pictures of beautiful plants and flowers. Whether looking at online seed catalogs or those sent directly to your home, they contain a tremendous amount of information that you should know prior to sowing seeds.
Benefits of Seed Catalogs and Plant Catalogs
  1. Variety Types - To start with, seed catalogs allow you to review a wide range of varieties. Often when planning a garden, you have certain plants and flowers in mind. However, after looking through one or more catalogs, you quickly realize that you have far more options than imagined. Although you may stick with your original plan, you might find something that you like even better.

  3. Zone Information - Every region of the United States has a planting zone; in all, there are 10 unique zones. Officially known as the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, each zone is designed to help people determine the types of plants and flowers that will best thrive in the zone where they live.

  5. Variety Information - Both standard and organic seed catalogs contain valuable information beyond just the different plants and flowers sold. For example, when looking at seeds, you will learn the correct zone, information about various requirements specific to soil, watering, fertilizer, the amount of required sunlight, planting depth, and much more. Before sowing any seeds that you purchase, you want to have all the information required for soil preparation, planting, watering, and so on.

  7. Grasses - Catalogs also have grass for sale, as well as associated information. Typically, grass is categorized by warm season versus cool season varietals. By looking over the information provided in plant catalogs, you will know the exact type of grass that you need, not only for your geographical location, but also for how the grass will be used. For instance, the kind of grass seeds used for a home lawn are different from seeds used for athletic fields.

  9. Origins, Guarantees, and Warranties - When looking at different seed catalogs, you have the chance to learn different seeds' origins and history, in addition to finding information about the type of available guarantee or warranty.
To ensure you always receive the highest quality seeds available, we recommend visiting our site or ordering seed catalogs for browsing at home. At Stover Seed, we welcome your visit or call anytime.

How to Start a New Lawn from Seeds
When planting grass, some individuals opt to lay sod. However, you can be just as successful with grass seeds. For grass to cultivate quickly and grow strong, it is essential that you purchase quality seeds.
Helpful Tips
For a beautiful lush lawn in the spring and depending upon where you live, you want to start planting seeds in the fall. During this time of year, the combination of water and sunlight is perfect for germinating grass seeds. Temperatures are also cooler, which prevent the growth of weeds that would compete with the garden seeds just planted.
  • Remove the Old Lawn - For planting grass, start by removing the old lawn, if applicable.
  • Test the Soil - For grass to germinate and grow, the soil must have the correct pH level. This ranges from 0 and 14, with 7 being neutral. The goal is to get the pH level in between 6.0 and 7.5. Testing kits are available at home and garden centers, as well as nurseries. For a low pH level, add pulverized lime, and for a high level, mix in peat moss. For soil over 8, you need to add in sulfur.
  • Remove Rocks and Till the Soil - Remove any rocks and roots in the soil. Simply fill the holes with quality topsoil. Next, use a tiller to turn the soil, which helps remove large clumps of dirt and eliminates any areas of hard-packed dirt.
  • Cover the Area - Over the area where the seeds will be planted, spread one inch of sand. Follow this by tilling the sand into the soil. Apply one inch of compost and till again. The goal is to thoroughly mix the treated soil, sand, topsoil, and compost. You then need to test the soil again, making any necessary adjustments.
  • Spread Fertilizer - Apply starter fertilizer with a spreader to the prepared area, making sure to follow the manufacturer's spread rate. When finished, use a standard garden rake to slightly mix the fertilizer with the soil.
  • Spread the Grass Seeds - At this point, use a spreader to disperse the seeds that you purchased. Once all the grass seeds are down, use a plastic leaf rake to slightly work them into the soil.
  • Water the Area - For the final step in planting grass, water immediately. For this, water every inch of the area for 10 days, 10 minutes each time. As soon as small green sprouts appear, reduce watering to just once a day for roughly 20 minutes.
At Stover Seed Company, we offer the best garden seeds available for planting grass. For information about the different grass seeds that we offer, please visit our website or contact us by phone.

The Best Way to Care for Heirloom Tomatoes, Including Getting the Right Seeds
To grow plump, juicy heirloom tomatoes, you need to start by identifying the best seed companies. Without great seeds, growing this variety is difficult. In fact, you may not have any success at all. However, when you buy from reputable heirloom seed catalogs, you can expect a great crop.
Helpful Growing Tips
Heirloom tomatoes are a popular choice for both novice and professional growers. This variety boasts a genuine tomato flavor, making it perfect for cooking, salads, or eating right off the vine. However, growing is often a challenge. Even after dedicating time and effort, you can expect a lower yield, but in exchange, you enjoy fantastic flavor.
Throughout the growing season, you have to watch for disease. Because these tomatoes have minimal resistance, they are at risk. If disease strikes, the leaves fall off. If too many leaves drop, the flavor is compromised. This is because the leaves convert sunlight into sugar, as well as other flavor compounds. Therefore, the first goal in growing heirlooms is to protect them from disease.
Additional growing tips for heirloom tomatoes include:
  • Good Protection and Support - It is also important to provide your heirloom tomatoes with proper protection and support. Even for a shorter plant, always use a high tomato cone or tunnel. This keeps the foliage dry, which in turn reduces the risk of disease. Even when caged or tunneled, be sure the tomatoes also have a strong trellising system.
  • Correct Pruning - As vigorous growers, heirloom tomatoes require more frequent pruning compared to other tomato varieties. By removing suckers, the plant has better air circulation. This encourages the production of larger fruit while reducing the risk of foliar disease.
  • Appropriate Spacing - For the heirloom variety, you want to have one foot of space in between each plant. When growing in rows, provide four feet of space in between. This improves air flow, which helps with better production and less risk of disease.
Heirloom seed catalogs for vegetable seeds and fruit seeds should always come from a reputable and trusted source. Although the things that you do during the growing process certainly help, a great yield of delicious heirloom tomatoes always starts from buying quality seeds from top-rated seed companies.
Stover Seed Company ranks among the best seed companies in existence. This comes from our 90 years of experience, unrivaled expertise, and outstanding customer support. For the best heirloom tomato seeds or various types of vegetable seeds, please visit our website or give us a call.

What Type of Grass Seeds Do You Need?
There are numerous options for grass seed. Among them, two, in particular, stand out as being the best: Kentucky blue grass and Zoysia grass. However, before planting any seeds, you want to learn about each type. The best type of grass depends on several factors, including geographic location, shade trees, and even the alkalinity, acidity, and pH levels of the soil.
Kentucky Blue Grass
This widely used grass is dense and green. As a cool-season grass, it is ideal for lawns where children and/or animals play. Most people gravitate to this grass because of its gorgeous green color. With thin blades and rounded tips, this grass is soft to the touch.
Another positive aspect of Kentucky Blue Grass is that it spreads quickly and easily due to the production of rhizomes. Therefore, it will cover thin or bald areas of your lawn in no time, keeping your lawn beautiful. Even when damaged and during bouts of cold weather, this type of grass does extremely well.
The only real drawback is that Kentucky Blue Grass has a shallow root system. That means compared to other grasses, it lacks depth. For that reason, the grass needs watering more often compared to other types of grass. Kentucky Blue Grass also goes dormant faster than Zoysia. However, as soon as conditions are right, it recovers fast.
Zoysia Grass
The second option is Zoysia grass, which is found everywhere, including homes, businesses, and even golf courses. Although Zoysia is considered hardy, it is affected by various conditions. For that reason, you need to know what this grass can and cannot tolerate before planting seed.
A huge advantage of Zoysia grass is that it is durable and a beautiful dark green color. With this being a warm-season grass, it typically does best in hotter regions of the country. In addition, it is salt tolerant. For that reason, it grows well in coastal areas and in places where reclaimed water is used for irrigation. Because Zoysia grass is so thick, it is a great choice for areas with heavy foot traffic.
Usually, Zoysia grass requires less maintenance than other types of grass seed. The only two considerations are that Zoysia takes time to establish and because it grows sideways, vertical growth is slow. However, that means that you have to mow less often.
Buying Quality Grass Seed
If you are interested in grass seed for Kentucky Blue Grass, Zoysia grass, or some other species, we can help. At Stover Seed Company, we have been providing customers with exceptional service for the past 90 years. For more information please visit our website or to speak with a company representative, we welcome your call.

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